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    題名: 102年度毒性化學物質環境流布背景調查計畫
    The Environmental Survey of Toxic Chemicals in Taiwan., 2013
    Authors: 李俊璋;田倩蓉;孫逸民
    Chien-Jung Tien
    貢獻者: 生物科技系
    Keywords: 毒性化學物質;環境流布;河川;水體;底泥;魚體
    Toxic substances;Environmental distribution;River;Water;Sediment;Fish
    Date: 2013-02-17
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:52:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 研究期間 10202-10212, 研究經費 5900仟元
    本計畫包含四項主要工作目標:(一)完成國內10條河川之安殺番、壬基酚、雙酚A、鄰苯二甲酸酯類物質、有機錫類物質、六溴環十二烷及多氯聯苯等毒性化學物質河川環境流布背景實地測量調查資料;(二)建立毒性化學物質環境流布檢測資料;(三)分析歷年毒性化學物質環境流布調查資料成果,並提具毒性化學物質因應管制措施建議及分析;(四)更新毒性化學物質環境流布調查成果手冊。本年度調查河川有基隆河、客雅溪、頭前溪、大甲溪、濁水溪、北港溪、朴子溪、將軍溪、二仁溪、秀姑巒溪等10條河川。依調查項目要求,共計完成9個水體、60個底泥樣本及30個魚體樣本採樣。完成樣本檢測數據資料共計1,899筆,包括9筆水體樣本數據、1,263筆底泥樣本數據及627筆魚體樣本數據。各項檢測項目分析物之平均濃度及範圍為:北、中、南各1條河川枯水期水體樣本PCBs皆未檢出,底泥樣本PCBs總量為1.19 (ND-9.33) ug/kg dw;北、中、南各1條河川枯、豐水期底泥樣本a-HBCD <0.200 (ND-0.893) ug/kg dw,b-HBCD ND-<0.200 ug/kg dw,r-HBCD <0.200 (ND-1.36) ug/kg dw,魚體樣本a-HBCD 0.138 (ND-0.453) ug/kg ww,b-HBCD皆未檢出,r-HBCD <0.050 (ND-0.229) ug/kg ww;10條河川枯、豐水期底泥樣本,壬基酚261 (0.555-11,064) ug/kg dw,雙酚A5.81 (ND-74.9) ug/kg dw,a-安殺番<0.050 (ND-0.628) g/kg dw,b-安殺番<0.050 (ND-0.723) ug/kg dw,安殺番硫酸鹽0.096 (ND-1.20) ug/kg dw,9種鄰苯二甲酸酯類物質,DMP、DEP皆<0.05 mg/kg dw或ND,DIBP <0.05 (ND-0.07) mg/kg dw,DBP <0.05 (<0.05-0.07) mg/kg dw,BBP <0.05 (<0.05-0.09) mg/kg dw,DEHP 0.52 (<0.05-3.5) mg/kg dw,DNOP <0.05 (ND-0.06) mg/kg dw,DINP <2.5 (ND-5.8) mg/kg dw,DIDP <2.5 (ND-5.1) mg/kg dw;6種有機錫類物質,TBT、MPhT、TPhT皆未檢出,DBT,<0.04 (ND-0.15) mg/kg dw,MBT,<0.05 (ND-0.18) mg/kg dw,DPhT<0.04 (ND-0.06) mg/kg dw。10條河川魚體樣本,壬基酚22.9 (ND-364) ug/kg ww,雙酚A0.891 (ND-2.71) ug/kg ww,a-安殺番<0.03 (ND-0.128) ug/kg ww,b-安殺番<0.03 (ND-0.184) ug/kg ww,安殺番硫酸鹽0.057 (ND-0.270) ug/kg ww,9種鄰苯二甲酸酯類物質,DMP、DEP、DIBP、BBP、DNOP皆<0.03 mg/kg ww或未檢出,DBP <0.03 (<0.03-0.03) mg/kg ww,DEHP 0.13 (<0.03-0.38) mg/kg ww,DINP <1.25 (ND-1.6) mg/kg ww,DIDP <1.25 (ND-1.8) mg/kg ww;6種有機錫類物質,TBT、DBT、MBT皆未檢出,MPhT,<0.01 (ND-0.12) mg/kg ww,DPhT<0.01 (ND-0.14) mg/kg ww,TPhT<0.01 (ND-0.02) mg/kg ww。完成歷年毒性化學物質環境流布調查成果分析,並提具毒性化學物質因應管制措施建議,以及完成成果手冊102年版編印。
    This project was to (1) determine concentrations of endosulfan, nonylphenol, bisphenol A, phthalates, organotins, hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in water, sediments and fishes of 10 rivers in Taiwan; (2) establish database for environmental distribution of toxic substances; (3) analyze the investigative results over the years, and then propose control measures of toxic substances for policy-making; and (4) update the results of environmental distribution of toxic substances in the handbook. There were 9 water and 60 sediment and 30 fish samples collected in this year. The total 1899 analyzed data were obtained. The mean concentration and concentration range of total PCBs in water and sediment samples from the three rivers each in the northern, central and southern Taiwan was ND and 1.19 (ND-9.33) ug/kg dw in the dry season. The mean concentration and concentration range of three HBCD diastereoisomers in sediment samples from the three rivers each in the northern, central and southern Taiwan in the dry and wet seasons was <0.200 (ND-0.893) ug/kg dw for a-HBCD, ND-<0.200 ug/kg dw for b-HBCD, <0.200 (ND-1.36) ug/kg dw for r-HBCD. The mean concentration and concentration range in fish samples was 0.138 (ND-0.453) ug/kg ww for a-HBCD, ND for b-HBCD, <0.050 (ND-0.229) ug/kg ww for r-HBCD. In sediment samples during the dry and wet seasons from 10 rivers in Taiwan, the mean concentration and concentration range of analyzed toxic substances was 261 (0.555-11,064) ug/kg dw for nonylphenol, 5.81 (ND-74.9) ug/kg dw for bisphenol A, <0.050 (ND-0.628) ug/kg dw for a-endosulfan, <0.050 (ND-0.723) ug/kg dw for b-endosulfan, 0.096 (ND-1.20) ug/kg dw for endosulfan sulfate, <0.05 mg/kg dw or ND for DMP and DEP, <0.05 (ND-0.07) mg/kg dw for DIBP, <0.05 (<0.05-0.07) mg/kg dw for DBP, <0.05 (<0.05-0.09) mg/kg dw for BBP, 0.52 (<0.05-3.5) mg/kg dw for DEHP, <0.05 (ND-0.06) mg/kg dw for DNOP, <2.5 (ND-5.8) mg/kg dw for DINP, <2.5 (ND-5.1) mg/kg dw for DIDP, ND for TBT, MPhT and TPhT, <0.04 (ND-0.15) mg/kg dw for DBT, <0.05 (ND-0.18) mg/kg dw for MBT, <0.04 (ND-0.06) mg/kg dw for DPhT. The mean concentration and concentration range in fish samples was 22.9 (ND-364) ug/kg ww for nonylphenol, 0.891 (ND-2.71) ug/kg ww for bisphenol A, <0.03 (ND-0.128) ug/kg ww for a-endosulfan, <0.03 (ND-0.184) ug/kg ww for b-endosulfan, 0.057 (ND-0.270) ug/kg ww for endosulfan sulfate, <0.03 mg/kg ww or ND for DMP, DEP, DIBP, BBP and DNOP, <0.03 (<0.03-0.03) mg/kg ww for DBP, 0.13 (<0.03-0.38) mg/kg ww for DEHP, <1.25 (ND-1.6) mg/kg ww for DINP, <1.25 (ND-1.8) mg/kg ww for DIDP, ND for TBT, DBT and MBT, <0.01 (ND-0.12) mg/kg ww for MPhT, <0.01 (ND-0.14) mg/kg ww for DPhT, <0.01 (ND-0.02) mg/kg ww for TPhT. The database searching system for concentrations of regulated toxic substances has been updated with the investigation results in this year.
    關聯: 行政院環保署計畫 / 計畫編號 EPA-102-J104-02-213
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 研究計畫
    [生科系] 田倩蓉

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