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    題名: 100-101年毒性化學物質環境流布背景調查計畫(第一年)
    The Environmental Survey of Toxic Chemicals in Taiwan., 2011-2012
    Authors: 田倩蓉;李俊璋;孫逸民
    Chien-Jung Tien
    貢獻者: 生物科技系
    Keywords: 毒性化學物質;環境流布;河川;底泥;魚體
    Toxic substances;Environmental distribution;River;Sediment;Fish
    Date: 2011-03
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:51:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 應用研究, 研究期間 10003-10012, 研究經費 9,500仟元
    本計畫包含四項主要工作目標:(一)完成檢測10條河川、9種國際關注有毒污染物及19種持久性有機污染物或環境荷爾蒙物質之環境流布背景實地測量調查資料;(二)建立毒性化學物質環境流布檢測資料;(三)分析歷年毒性化學物質環境流布調查資料成果,並提具毒性化學物質因應管制措施建議及分析;(四)更新毒性化學物質環境流布調查成果手冊。本年度調查河川有南崁溪、中港溪、後龍溪、大安溪、烏溪、鹽水溪、典寶溪、東港溪、蘭陽溪及新城溪等10條河川。依調查物質環境流布特性分析水體、底泥或魚體樣本,共計完成枯水期及豐水期兩季各30個水體及30個底泥樣本,以及全年30個魚體樣本採樣。完成樣本檢測數據資料共計2,610筆,包括360筆水體樣本數據、1,560筆底泥樣本數據及690筆魚體樣本數據。各項物質檢測平均濃度及範圍分別為,水體樣本中甲醛<0.05 (ND-0.21) mg/L,四氯化碳ND,三氯甲烷ND-<0.001 mg/L,鄰-二氯苯ND,氯苯<0.001 (ND-0.021) mg/L,1,2-二氯乙烯<0.001 (ND-0.002) mg/L。底泥樣本中三氯甲烷<1.00 (ND-7.33) ug/kg濕重;鄰-二氯苯<1.00 (ND-8.89)ug/kg濕重;氯苯<1.00 (ND-19.9)ug/kg濕重;1,2-二氯乙烯ND-<1.00 ug/kg濕重;可氯丹ND-<2.0 ug/kg乾重;毒殺芬3.5 (ND-31.8)ug/kg乾重;總汞0.150 (0.024-1.23) mg/kg乾重;鄰苯二甲酸二甲酯(DMP),ND-<0.05 mg/kg乾重;鄰苯二甲酸二乙酯(DEP),<0.05 (ND-0.07) mg/kg乾重;鄰苯二甲酸二丁酯(DBP),0.16 (<0.05-0.63) mg/kg乾重;鄰苯二甲酸丁基苯甲酯(BBP),0.08 (<0.05-0.90) mg/kg乾重;鄰苯二甲酸二(2-乙基己基)酯(DEHP),2.9 (0.12-29.2) mg/kg乾重;鄰苯二甲酸二辛酯(DNOP),0.06 (ND-1.3) mg/kg乾重;三丁錫(TBT),ND-<0.05 mg/kg乾重;二丁錫(DBT),<0.05 (ND-0.79) mg/kg乾重;單丁錫(MBT),<0.05 (ND-0.31) mg/kg乾重;單苯錫(MPhT),<0.05 (ND-0.42) mg/kg乾重;二苯錫(DPhT),<0.05 (ND-0.16) mg/kg乾重;三苯錫(TPhT),<0.05 (ND-0.09) mg/kg乾重;多溴二苯醚(PBDEs)總量35.4 (0.508-952)ug/kg乾重;三價砷352 (ND-1,232)ug/kg濕重;壬基酚,210 (3.68-4,483)ug/kg乾重;雙酚A,21.5 (<0.25-471)ug/kg乾重。魚體樣本中可氯丹ND-<1.0ug/kg濕重;毒殺芬2.6 (ND-23.8)ug/kg濕重;總汞0.049 (<0.01-0.172) mg/kg濕重;DMP,ND-<0.03 mg/kg濕重;DEP,ND-<0.03 mg/kg濕重;DBP,0.05 (<0.03-0.19) mg/kg濕重;BBP,0.04 (<0.03-0.19) mg/kg濕重;DEHP,0.25 (<0.03-1.2) mg/kg濕重;DNOP,ND-<0.03 mg/kg濕重; TBT,<0.01 (ND-0.03) mg/kg濕重;DBT,<0.01 (ND-0.11) mg/kg濕重;MBT,<0.01 (ND-0.03) mg/kg濕重;MPhT,<0.01 (ND-0.10) mg/kg濕重;DPhT,<0.01 (ND-0.07) mg/kg濕重;TPhT,<0.01 (ND-0.08) mg/kg濕重;PBDEs總量1.74 (0.299-6.37)ug/kg濕重;壬基酚,14.6 (ND-105)ug/kg濕重;雙酚A,0.834 (ND-8.01)ug/kg濕重;鄰-二氯苯ND;氯苯<1.00 (ND-12.3)ug/kg濕重。完成歷年毒性化學物質環境流布調查成果分析,並針對壬基酚及雙酚A進行環境釋放源指標之相關性探討及其他調查物質工業方面管理及減量控制建議。完成成果手冊100年版編印。
    This project was to (1) determine concentrations of 28 toxic substances in water, sediments and fishes of 10 rivers in Taiwan; (2) to apply the investigation results for policy-making of toxic substance management; and (3) to update the database of environmental distribution of toxic substances. There were 150 water, sediment and fish samples collected from 10 rivers (each river collected 6 water, 6 sediment and 3 fish samples) in this year. There were 2,610 analytical data obtained, including 360 data from water and 1,560 data from sediments and 690 data from fish samples. In water samples, the mean concentration and concentration range of analyzed toxic substances was <0.05 (ND-0.21) mg/L for formaldehyde, ND for carbontetrachloride, ND-<0.001 mg/L for chloroform, ND for 1,2-dichlorobenzene, <0.001 (ND-0.021) mg/L for chlorobenzene, <0.001 (ND-0.002) mg/L for 1,2-dichloroethylene. In sediment samples, the mean concentration and concentration range of analyzed toxic substances was <1.00 (ND-7.33) ug/kg ww for chloroform, <1.00 (ND-8.89) ug/kg ww for 1,2-dichlorobenzene, <1.00 (ND-19.9) ug/kg ww for chlorobenzene, ND-<1.00 ug/kg ww for 1,2-dichloroethylene, ND-<2.0 ug/kg dw for chlordane, 3.5 (ND-31.8) ug/kg dw for toxaphene, 0.150 (0.024-1.23) mg/kg dw for total mercury, ND-<0.05 mg/kg dw for Dimethyl phthalate (DMP), <0.05 (ND-0.07) mg/kg dw for Diethyl phthalate (DEP), 0.16 (<0.05-0.63) mg/kg dw for Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), 0.08 (<0.05-0.90) mg/kg dw for Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), 2.9 (0.12-29.2) mg/kg dw for Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), 0.06 (ND-1.3) mg/kg dw for Di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), ND-<0.05 mg/kg dw for Tributyltin (TBT), <0.05 (ND-0.79) mg/kg dw for Dibutyltin (DBT), <0.05 (ND-0.31) mg/kg dw for Butyltin (MBT), <0.05 (ND-0.42) mg/kg dw for Phenyltin (MPhT), <0.05 (ND-0.16) mg/kg dw for Diphenyltin (DPhT), <0.05 (ND-0.09) mg/kg dw for Triphenyltin (TPhT), 35.4 (0.508-952) ug/kg dw for total PBDEs, 210 (3.68-4,483) ug/kg dw for NP, 21.5 (<0.25-471) ug/kg dw for BPA, and 352 (ND-1,232) ug/kg ww for Arsenic (III). For fish samples, the mean concentration and concentration range of analyzed toxic substances was ND-<1.0 ug/kg ww for chlordane, 2.6 (ND-23.8) ug/kg ww for toxaphene, 0.049 (<0.01-0.172) mg/kg ww for total mercury, ND-<0.03 mg/kg ww for DMP, ND-<0.03 mg/kg ww for DEP, 0.05 (<0.03-0.19) mg/kg ww for DBP, 0.04 (<0.05-0.19) mg/kg ww for BBP, 0.25 (<0.03-1.2) mg/kg ww for DEHP, ND-<0.03 for DNOP, <0.01 (ND-0.03) mg/kg ww for TBT, <0.01 (ND-0.11) mg/kg ww for DBT, <0.01 (ND-0.03) mg/kg ww for MBT, <0.01 (ND-0.10) mg/kg ww for MPhT, <0.01 (ND-0.07) mg/kg ww for DPhT, <0.01 (ND-0.08) mg/kg ww for TPhT, and 1.74 (0.299-6.37) ug/kg ww for total PBDEs, 22.4 (ND-105) ug/kg ww for NP, and 0.844 (<0.625-8.01) ug/kg ww for BPA, <1.00 (ND-12.3) ug/kg ww for chlorobenzene, ND for 1,2-dichloroethylene. The database searching system for concentrations of regulated toxic substances has been updated with the investigation results in this year.
    關聯: 行政院環保署計畫 / 計畫編號 EPA-100-J104-02-208
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 研究計畫
    [生科系] 田倩蓉

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