合成時，利用FT-IR光譜儀來確定其最佳反應條件及最佳組成配方比；並利用TGA和DSC之耐熱性測試、UV-Vis透光性測試、抗靜電測試、附著力及塊材硬度等對其熱性質、透明性、導電性及機械物性等性質進行分析。實驗結果顯示這些複合材料在可見光區光穿透度達85％以上且其耐熱性Td值最高可達535.18℃，較純WPU樹脂與有機壓克力SR-399樹脂的Td值高約182.65℃與96.02℃，且在200℃以下並無玻璃轉化溫度(Tg)的存在；而表面電阻值從3.57×1011Ω/cm2降為9.52×109Ω/cm2；硬度可達8H，且黃變指數(YI)小於1.0％，並有輻射遮蔽之效果；最後奈米光學薄膜經SEM檢測結果確認粉體無機微粒均勻分佈且平均粒徑為55~80 nm都符合奈米材料的範圍。 This main object of this research is to develop the novel WPU/H12MDI/SR-399/MSMA/WO3 nanocomposite materials with highly thermal resistance, yellowing-resistance and radiation-resistance characters by sol-gel reaction processes. Firstly, the MSMA coupling agent performed the silanol intermediates by hydrolysis in pH4~5 acid solution. These silanol intermediates could successfully couple with powder WO3 and crosslink to organic matrixes. The remained active Si-OH functional groups of the MSMA/WO3 complexes could covalently couple bonding with SR-399 acrylate monomer. Therefore, the SR-399/MSMA/WO3 will be successfully prepared. The WPU/H12MDI complexes were prepared from the condensation between WPU prepolymer and H12MDI diisocyanate components. Finally, in order to improve the thermal resistance and mechanical properties, the WPU/H12MDI complexes and the SR-399/MSMA/WO3 complexes were covalently bonded by urethane carbonyl linkages and free radical polymerization to achieve perfectly cross-linking structure of organic/inorganic nanocomposite.
The bonding formation and the best weight content of reaction components were identified by FT-IR spectra. The thermal resistance properties, transmittance, surface resistances, and hardness of these nanocomposites were measured by TGA, DSC, UV-Vis, surface resistance meter and hardness tester respectively. Experimental results show that these nanocomposites have 85％ transmittance and the best Td values is 535.18℃ which is 182.65℃and 96.02℃ higher than those of pure WPU and SR-399 acrylate resin respectively. The glass transition temperature is not detected below 200℃. The surface resistances of WPU/H12MDI/SR-399/MSMA/WO3 hybrid thin films are decreased from 3.57×1011Ω/cm2 to 9.52×109Ω/cm2. The hardness of these nanocomposites are as high as 8H, and have some radiation shielding properties. The yellowing index(YI) is less than 1.0％. The morphology structure of the hybrid thin films were estimated by SEM. The results show that the optical thin films are evenly distributed with inorganic colloidal particles and the average particle size of these nanocomposites is 55~80 nm.