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    題名: 一位女性國小校長的教育生涯路
    A Woman Elementary School Principle’s Educational Career
    Authors: 孫秀琴
    HSIU-CHIN SUN
    貢獻者: 陳芳慶
    Fang-Ching Chen
    Keywords: 女性校長;雙軌生涯;教育生涯
    woman principal;double-track career;educational career
    Date: 2008-09-16
    Issue Date: 2010-04-28 11:28:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討一位女性國小校長的教育生涯發展歷程,試圖紀錄並瞭解女性國小校長的生命故事,探討女性國小校長從師資培育機構到進入職場,ㄧ路從老師主任到校長的教育職業生涯發展過程的脈絡,發現影響女性國小校長生涯抉擇的考量因素。。
    本研究採質性研究方法中的敘說研究,主要透過深度訪談來蒐集資料。經由L校長個人的敘說,分析其三十七年教育生涯路之教育歷程、教學專業、行政管理及家庭經營等各方面所採取的策略。
    研究者將L校長的教育生涯分為:
    1.堅心向學學識精-求學成長之路
    2.用心育苗苗成林-教師教學之路
    3.無心插柳柳成蔭-主任行政之路
    4.勞心築夢夢成真-校長經營之路
    5.苦心持家家安定-雙軌生涯之路
    6.嘔心說書書靈現-寓言教化之路
    研究結果歸納為以下幾點:
    1.從被動選擇到主動求知:進入師專就讀雖非出於自願,但卻在教育職場發現成就他人的樂趣,並且積極追求教育專業知識。
    2.從樂在教學到苦於辦學:從學生家長眼中專業盡責的好老師到一校之長,多了權力也多了責任,才知校務經營之多元複雜及艱辛。
    3.從公事優先到公私得兼:從偏重公事的圓滿,輕忽家人互動,到找出家庭與工作的平衡,重拾與家人的親密。
    4.從電影自娛到說書娛人:學生時代看一部部電影排遣,擔任校長後用一個個故事傳達理念。
    針對研究結果提出以下的建議:
    一、對於政府機關之建議:
    1.對於校舍工程營繕等專業性較高的工作,應直接委由專業營繕之公務單位監造及辦理相關營建工程。
    2.已婚育女性的成長進修需求往往因照顧家庭而力有未逮,社政單位宜規劃配套措施,適度伸出援手,協助減輕家務的負擔。
    二、對於師資培育機構之建議:
    1. 教師生涯規畫的觀念宜列為師資培育課程中的必修課程,讓未來的教師能及早思考教育職涯歷程中的方向與選擇;此外也應辦理在職教師生涯規畫之研習課程。
    2. 在現行教育行政制度中,校長仍經常得接觸非教育專業的各種行政事務,建議可針對校長開設此類進修課程,以滿足實需。
    三、對於後續研究者之建議:
    1.可增加訪談人數並蒐集重要他人(夫、子)的訪談資料,使資料的來源性更加豐富多元。
    2.可訪談未婚女性校長及男性雙軌生涯校長,比較研究與女性雙軌生涯校長在生涯發展上之異同。
    The main purpose of the research is to explore the educational career development of a woman elementary school principal. With the attempt to keep track of her life stories, the research is to find the factors that influence the career decision-making of women principals from being teachers, administrative directors, to being principals when they transfer from teacher training institutes to the work place.
    Based on narrative research of the qualitative research approach, data of the research are collected through interviews. Through the narration of principal L, the research is to analyze the strategies she takes during her 37-year educational career in the aspects of education, teaching profession, administrative management, and family management.
    The educational career of Principal L is divided into the following periods:
    1.Receiving teacher education
    2.Working as a teacher
    3.Working as an administrative director
    4.Working as a principal
    5.Working with double-track career
    6.Living as a story-teller
    The results of the research are concluded as follows:
    1.From passively choosing the career to actively acquiring knowledge: Though it was not her own choice to enter the normal college, she found the pleasure of teaching in the work place, and became ambitious to acquire the professional knowledge of teaching.
    2.From taking pleasure in teaching to taking pains in running a school: From a good teacher to a principal, though she had more power, she has more responsibility as well. It’s not until she became the principal did she know how complicated and difficult the task was.
    3.From work-first priority to work-family balance: She changed from emphasizing the perfection of work but ignoring family life to striking the balance between family and work and then regained the intimacy with other family members.
    4.From a movie-lover to a story-teller: She used to see movies in her spare time when she was a student, but now she uses stories to convey her ideas to students.
    According to the results of the research, the following suggestions are offered:
    I. Suggestions for the government:
    1. For highly professional work, like school construction, should be executed by professional individuals employed by the government.
    2. The career development education of married women or women with children should be formulated properly, with supplementary measures, by the authority concerned.

    II. Suggestions for the teacher education institutes:
    1.The concept of career development of female teachers should be included as the required courses in teacher education for it will help the future teachers contemplate on the direction and choices they may encounter in the teaching career. In addition, there also should be career development courses in the on-the-job training for teachers.
    2.Under the present system of school administration, principals need to deal with other administrative affairs than education profession, so it is necessary for the principals to take on-the-job courses related to these administrative affairs.

    III. Suggestions for the future researchers:
    1.In order to enrich the diversity of the data, the research can include more interviewees and collect the data of the interviews of other family members of the object.
    2.The researcher can interview the unmarried woman principals to compare the differences and similarities of their career development with the double-track career principals.
    Appears in Collections:[工業科技教育學系] 博碩士論文
    [工教系] 陳芳慶

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