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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.nknu.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/525


    題名: 屏東縣國民小學校長家長式領導ˋ教師組織公民行為與學校組織效能關係之研究
    A Study of the Relationship among Principle Paternalistic Leadership, Teachers’ Organizational Civil Behaviors and Organizational
    Authors: 曾素惠
    Su-Hui Tseng
    貢獻者: 鄭彩鳳博士
    Keywords: 家長式領導 組織公民行為 組織效能
    paternalistic leadership organizational civil behaviors organizational effectiveness
    Date: 2008-05-30
    Issue Date: 2010-04-07 14:07:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 摘要

    本研究主要目的,在於探討屏東縣國民小學校長家長式領導、教師組織公民行為與學校組織效能之關係。首先,蒐集有關校長家長式?導、教師組織公民行為及學校組織效能的相關文獻,加以探討及分析。其次,提出研究架構、進行問卷之編製及預試,據此發展本研究的研究工具-「屏東縣國民小學校長家長式領導、教師組織公民行為與學校組織效能調查問卷」。以屏東縣公立國民小學教師為研究母群,以一階段隨意抽樣方法抽取56所學校,540位教師為研究樣本,實施問卷調查,問卷回收530 份,有效問卷528 份,回收比率為98%。問卷回收之後,復以描述性統計、t-考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、典型相關及逐步多元迴歸等統計方法進行資料分析,再就研究結果分別加以討論。
    本研究得到下列幾項結論:
    一、國小教師對校長家長式領導覺知屬中上程度,以「德行領導」層面最佳。
    二、國小教師組織公民行為屬中上程度,以「敬業守法」最為突出。
    三、國小教師覺知組織效能屬中上程度,以「學習成就」最為良好。
    四、學校規模小、資淺、兼任行政職務之男性國小教師覺知較高的校長家長式領導。
    五、年長、資深及兼任行政職務的教師,覺知較高的教師組織公民行為。
    六、男性、年長、兼任行政職務及小規模學校的國小教師,覺知較佳的學校組織效能。
    七、國小教師感受到校長家長式領導愈明顯,尤其是德行領導,則教師組織公民行為愈佳。
    八、教師有良好的組織公民行為,才能提升組織的效能。
    九、校長能有效展現家長式領導,學校組織效能愈好。
    十、校長家長式領導中之德行領導、仁慈領導及教師組織公民行為各層面受重視
    時,其組織效能就愈高。
    十一、校長家長式領導、教師組織公民行為對組織效能有顯著的預測力,其
    「認同組織」最能預測組織的效能。

    根據以上結論,本研究提出以下建議:
    壹、對教育行政機關的建議
    一、制定國小適當發展之學校規模,以提升教師組織公民行為與效能。
    二、落實國小校長任期制度,以利組織效能之提昇。
    貳、對學校行政的建議
    一、校長有效展現家長式領導,能提升組織公民行為及學校組織效能。
    二、學校應善用年長及資深教師之經驗,提升學校組織效能。
    三、強化學校行政管理,增進工作滿意度,以提升學校組織效能。
    四、激勵教師積極展現組織公民行為,以增進組織效能。
    五、鼓勵組織成員認同組織,以增進組織效能。
    六、學校宜建立熟悉行政事務的輪調機制,以提升組織效能。
    七、展現德行與仁慈領導,提供女性教師必要之資源與支持,以發揮良好組織效能。
    參、針對未來研究,分別就研究對象、研究變項、研究方法以及研究工具提出建議。

    關鍵字:家長式領導、組織公民行為、組織效能
    A Study of the Relationship among Principle Paternalistic Leadership, Teachers’ Organizational Civil Behaviors and Organizational
    Effectiveness in the Elementary Schools of Pingtung County

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among principal’s paternalistic leadership, teacher’s organizational civil behaviors and organizational effectiveness in the elementary schools of Pingtung County. First, the literature review of principal’s paternalistic leadership, teacher’s organizational civil behaviors and organizational effectiveness was applied and analyzed. Second, the structure of this study was established and the questionary of survey was designed and pre-tested. Based on above mentioned, the research tool, Questionary of Principal’s Paternalistic Leadership, Teacher’s Organizational Civil Behaviors and Organizational Effectiveness, was proposed. The population was public elementary school teachers in Pingtung County. The 540 samples were stratified random selected from 47 schools. 530 questionaries were returned and 528 of them were vail. The rate of retrieve was 98%. After data collected, the effective data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA), Pearson’s product-moment correlation, canonical correlation, stepwise multiple regression. Furthermore, the results were examined.
    The results of this study were as follow:
    A. Elementary school teachers performed above moderate level of principal paternalistic leadership, especially in the performance of moral leadership.
    B. Elementary school teachers performed above moderate level of teacher’s organizational civil behaviors, especially in the performance of work ethic and law abiding.
    C. Elementary school teachers performed above moderate level of organizational effectiveness, especially in the performance of learning achievement.
    D. The junior, male and administrative teachers in small-size elementary schools have higher perception of the principle paternalistic leadership.
    E. The older, senior and administrative teachers have higher perception of teacher’s organizational civil behaviors.
    F. The male, older and administrative teachers in small-size elementary schools have higher perception of organizational effectiveness.
    G. Elementary teachers have higher perception of principal paternalistic leadership, especially in the performance of moral leadership, and teacher’s organizational civil behaviors are better.
    H. Teachers with nice teacher’s organizational civil behaviors can enhance organizational effectiveness.
    I. When moral leadership and benevolent leadership of principal paternalistic leadership and teacher’s organizational civil behaviors are emphasized, organizational effectiveness gets higher.
    J. Principal paternalistic leadership and teacher’s organizational civil behaviors have obvious prediction of organizational effectiveness, and “the identifying oneself with the organization” is the primary predictable variable.
    Based on the above conclusions, there are some suggestions.
    A. to educational authorities
    a. establish proper school- developing model of elementary schools to promote organizational civil behaviors and school organizational effectiveness.
    b. practice administrative system of principals to enhance organizational effectiveness.
    B. to school administrations
    a. Principals perform paternalistic effectively, in order to enhance civil behaviors and school organizational effectiveness.
    b. Schools should borrow the experience of the older and senior teachers to promote the organizational effectiveness.
    c. improve school administration to enhance organizational effectiveness.
    d. encourage teachers to perform organizational civil behaviors to enhance organizational effectiveness.
    e. inspire members to identify themselves with the organization in order to enhance organizational effectiveness.
    f. provide opportunities for teachers to understand administrative affairs, in order to enhance organizational effectiveness.
    g. create a friendly environment for female teachers to teach.
    C. to future study and researchers

    Keywords: paternalistic leadership, organizational civil behaviors , organizational effectiveness
    Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 博碩士論文

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