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    題名: 103-104年度毒性化學物質環境流布背景調查計畫(第一年)
    The Environmental Survey of Toxic Chemicals in Taiwan., 2014-2015
    Authors: 李俊璋;田倩蓉;孫逸民
    Chien-Jung Tien
    貢獻者: 生物科技系
    Keywords: 毒性化學物質;環境流布;河川;底泥;魚體
    Toxic substances;Environmental distribution;River;Sediment;Fish
    Date: 2014-04-26
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:52:05 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 研究期間 103/04~103/12, 研究經費 9060仟元
    本年度主要工作內容包括:(一)完成南崁溪、中港溪、後龍溪、大安溪、烏溪、鹽水溪、典寶溪、東港溪、蘭陽溪、新城溪等10條河川底泥及魚體樣本採樣;(二)完成安殺番、壬基酚、雙酚A、鄰苯二甲酸酯類物質、六溴環十二烷、多溴二苯醚、有機砷及無機砷等毒性化學物質之河川樣本含量分析;(三)分析歷年毒性化學物質環境流布調查資料成果,並提具毒性化學物質因應管制措施建議及分析;(四)規劃及提具未來毒性化學物質環境流布調查執行方向與建議;(五)建置線上毒性化學物質環境流布調查資料查詢系統;(六)更新毒性化學物質環境流布調查成果手冊。本年度共計完成60個底泥樣本及30個魚體樣本採樣,完成樣本檢測數據資料共計2,490筆,包括1,740筆底泥樣本數據及750筆魚體樣本數據。各項檢測項目分析物之平均濃度及範圍為:底泥樣本含量,壬基酚116 (6.62-2,324) ug/kg dw,雙酚A10.5 (<0.200-83.1) ug/kg dw,a-HBCD 0.622 (<0.06-5.94) ug/kg dw,b-HBCD 0.710 (ND-7.09) ug/kg dw,γ-HBCD 1.15 (ND-7.02) ug/kg dw,a-安殺番<0.050 (ND-0.274) ug/kg dw,b-安殺番<0.050 (ND-0.230) ug/kg dw,安殺番硫酸鹽0.067 (ND-0.789) ug/kg dw,9種鄰苯二甲酸酯類物質,DMP未檢出,DEP <0.05 (<0.05-0.08) mg/kg dw,DIBP <0.05 (<0.05-0.10) mg/kg dw,DBP <0.05 (<0.05-0.15) mg/kg dw,BBP 0.09 (ND-1.00) mg/kg dw,DEHP 1.29 (<0.05-8.24) mg/kg dw,DNOP <0.05 (ND-0.07) mg/kg dw,DINP 2.03 (ND-9.79) mg/kg dw,DIDP 1.58 (ND-9.95) mg/kg dw,25種PBDEs同源物總量17.4 (0.221-200) ug/kg dw,三價砷0.033 (ND-0.208) mg/kg dw,五價砷0.045 (ND-0.189) mg/kg dw,DMA <0.016 (ND-0.046) mg/kg dw,MMA未檢出。魚體樣本含量,壬基酚49.0 (0.893-967) ug/kg ww,雙酚A1.10 (ND-4.87) ug/kg ww,a-HBCD 0.084 (<0.015-0.509) ug/kg ww,b-HBCD <0.015 (ND-0.038) ug/kg ww,γ-HBCD 0.027 (ND-0.060) ug/kg ww,a-安殺番<0.025 (ND-0.098) ug/kg ww,b-安殺番0.032 (ND-0.119) ug/kg ww,安殺番硫酸鹽0.026 (ND-0.136) ug/kg ww,9種鄰苯二甲酸酯類物質,DMP、DEP、DIBP、DNOP皆未檢出,DBP <0.01 (<0.01-0.02) mg/kg ww,BBP <0.01 (<0.01-0.02) mg/kg ww,DEHP 0.15 (<0.01-0.33) mg/kg ww,DINP <0.625 (ND-1.37) mg/kg ww,DIDP <0.625 (ND-1.67) mg/kg ww,25種PBDEs同源物總量1.70 (0.167-10.5) ug/kg ww。完成歷年環境流布調查成果分析,並提具毒性化學物質因應管制措施建議及未來執行方向規劃,建置「毒性化學物質環境流布調查資訊網站」及成果手冊103年版編印。
    The objectives of this project were to (1) collect sediment and fish samples from ten major Taiwanese rivers, (2) determine concentrations of toxic substances (i.e. endosulfan, nonylphenol (NP), bisphenol A (BPA), phthalate ester, hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organic and inorganic arsenic) in sediments and fish of 10 rivers in Taiwan; (3) apply the investigation results for making control suggestion on management of toxic substances; (4) plan and propose to the future work on survey of toxic substances; (5) establish online database searching system for environmental distribution of toxic substances in Taiwan; and (6) to update the concentrations of toxic substances on the handbook of investigation achievements on the distribution of toxic substances in Taiwan. There were 60 sediment and 30 fish samples collected in this year. Two thousand and four hundred ninety data were analyzed and collected including 1740 data from sediment samples and 750 data from fish samples. In sediment samples, the mean concentration and concentration range of analyzed toxic substances was 116 (6.62-2,324) ug/kg dw for NP, 10.5 (<0.200-83.1) ug/kg dw for BPA,0.622 (<0.06-5.94) ug/kg dw for a-HBCD, 0.710 (ND-7.09) ug/kg dw for b-HBCD, 1.15 (ND-7.02) ug/kg dw for r-HBCD, <0.050 (ND-0.274) ug/kg dw for a-Endosulfan, <0.050 (ND-0.230) ug/kg dw for b- Endosulfan, 0.067 (ND-0.789) ug/kg dw for Endosulfan sulfate, <0.05 mg/kg dw or ND for DMP, <0.05 (<0.05-0.08) mg/kg dw for DEP, <0.05 (<0.05-0.10) mg/kg dw for DIBP, <0.05 (<0.05-0.15) mg/kg dw for DBP, 0.09 (ND-1.00) mg/kg dw for BBP, 1.29 (<0.05-8.24) mg/kg dw for DEHP, <0.05 (ND-0.07) mg/kg dw for DNOP, 2.03 (ND-9.79) mg/kg dw for DINP, 1.58 (ND-9.95) mg/kg dw for DIDP, 17.4 (0.221-200) ug/kg dw for PBDEs, 0.033 (ND-0.208) mg/kg dw for As(III), 0.045 (ND-0.189) mg/kg dw for As(V), <0.016 (ND-0.046) mg/kg dw for DMA, <0.016 mg/kg dw or ND for MMA. For fish samples, the mean concentration and concentration range of analyzed toxic substances was 49.0 (0.893-967) ug/kg ww for NP, 1.10 (ND-4.87) ug/kg ww for BPA, 0.084 (<0.015-0.509) ug/kg ww for a-HBCD, <0.015 (ND-0.038) ug/kg ww for b-HBCD, 0.027 (ND-0.060) ug/kg ww for r-HBCD, <0.025 (ND-0.098) ug/kg ww for a-Endosulfan, 0.032 (ND-0.119) ug/kg ww for b-Endosulfan, 0.026 (ND-0.136) ug/kg ww for Endosulfan sulfate, <0.01 mg/kg ww or ND for DMP, DEP, DIBP, DNOP, <0.01 (<0.01-0.02) for DBP and BBP, 0.15 (<0.01-0.33) mg/kg ww for DEHP, <0.625 (ND-1.37) mg/kg ww for DINP, <0.625 (ND-1.67) mg/kg ww for DIDP, 1.70 (0.167-10.5) ug/kg ww for PBDEs. Analysis of investigation results and policy-making on distribution of toxic substances was completed. The future work on the survey of distribution of toxic substances was proposed. “The database searching website for environmental distribution of toxic substances” was established. The “handbook of investigation achievements on the distribution of toxic substances in Taiwan, version 103” was published.
    關聯: 行政院環保署計畫 / 計畫編號 EPA-103-J103-02-205
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 研究計畫
    [生科系] 田倩蓉

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