Adolescent pregnancy is a debatable issue which is highly concerned by academia and mass media during these years. The consequent aftermaths, such as abortion or the abandonment of babies cause a great impact on public moral standards. Adolescent pregnancy is caused by lots of complicated reasons, and the whole society has to pay back for the results. Furthermore, a group of pregnant teenagers have been neglected by all of us. These young girls choose to give birth to their babies, but then give them up for adoption under lots of different pressures. As a young mother who always concerns under the disadvantageous conditions, the only choice they can make is to accept the separation with their babies for seeking a better circumstance for them. The approach that these young mothers arrange for their children is called “give the baby up for adoption”.
There are few studies on “giving up babies for adoption” in Taiwan, because it is considered an extremely privacy between these teenagers and their families. “The decision making” and “to give their nature babies up for adoption” are dual pressures for these young mothers and they have to suffer from the ethical accusation with these extremely privacy life experiences. Therefore, these teenagers will suffer more social pressure and moral criticism than other pregnant adolescents and cause that their special life experiences can hardly be understood by most of us.
The subject in this study was a grown-up female who had gave her baby up for adoption during her preadolescence. The narrative study was carried out with an in-depth interview and was first-person narrated. The results of this study were concluded into four sections. (1) The progress of giving birth: we discussed the reasons of adolescent pregnancy, the impacts on both pregnancy, giving birth on her life, and the process of making up her mind to give birth. (2) The experiences of giving the baby up for adoption: it included how the subject sought for help, why she decided to give her baby up for adoption, what feeling she had after surrendering it for adoption, and how she modulated after that. (3) The influences on her future life: we talked about the formation of negative self-recognition, the sense of uneasiness and insecurity of dating and marriage, the enhancement of self-adjustment, and the awareness of the price of giving birth and giving the baby up for adoption. (4) Pregnancy and the need for giving up the baby for adoption: we discussed in the perspectives about family, school, social welfare policies, medical services, and social welfare institutions. At last, according to the results mentioned above, suggestions to relevant social welfare policies and school counseling strategies were provided.
Hopefully via this study, more people could have a further understanding to those who had to give their children up for adoption and the government could pay more attention to related issues and accept them. Giving babies up for adoption should not be a forbidden issue but the one which was worth paying attentive listening and more consideration.