|Abstract: || 本篇論文旨在以瑕疵之記憶與自我認同、自我價值/尊嚴建立之間的關係，視石黑一雄的《無法安慰》《我輩孤雛》《別讓我走》為三本記憶的小說，有別於先前大多數為不可靠敘述者之主題論述。透過一一檢視三位主人翁第一人稱敘述，強調藉由瑕疵記憶的堆累，建立及復興童年和過去之王國主權。此外，也採正面肯定的態度來探討及闡述石黑一雄式瑕疵記憶其含意和重要性。本論文共分為五個章節，以瑕疵記憶建立自我認同、自我價值為基石閱讀石黑一雄的三本小說。
This thesis intends to read Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Unconsoled (1995), When We Were Orphans (2000), and Never Let Me Go (2005) as novels of flawed memory in relation to the construction of self-identity and dignity in addition to the cynosure of unreliable narrators in the majority of literary reviews previously. The emphasis is particularly put on how the construction of flawed memory serves as a medium to establish and rejuvenate a kingdom of the childhood/past to preserve one’s dignity and identity via the first-person narratives of Ryder, Christopher, and Kathy. The implications and significance of Ishigurean flawed memory in the three novels are fathomed and elaborated in a tune of affirmative tonality. To probe one’s self-identity and dignity in the light of flawed memory, my thesis contains five chapters.
Chapter One, “Introduction,” is an overall overture presenting Ishiguro’s background and focal points in his works, and the definitions and implications of memory as well as flawed memory. Also, the rationale and organization of the thesis are proffered.
Chapter Two, “Flawed Memory and Amnesia in The Unconsoled,” pivots on analyzing and investigating the interactions and implications between memory and amnesia demonstrated in Ryder’s first-person narrative. The disturbingly flawed memory has transgress time and space to build a fluid self-identity.
Chapter Three, “Flawed Memory and Childhood Bubble in When We Were Orphans,” deals with probing flawed memory and its sovereign and strategic power on safeguarding his identity and dignity through Christopher’s journey of his search for roots along with the route back to Shanghai. Also, the scrutiny of the inextricable interrelations between flawed memory, the childhood bubble, and one’s identity, dignity is set forth.
Chapter Four, “Flawed Memory and Nostalgia in Never Let Me Go,” lays the locus on firstly elucidating Kathy as a representative of flawed memory per se, later illustrating the disillusionment and discontinuity out of the Hailsham bubble, and last manifesting the denotation of Kathy’s obsession with nostalgia and the crucial interrelations intimately bound between memory, identity and dignity; and delineating the futurity in the past memories, and depicting the canvas colored with the past, the present, and the future in the light of flawed memory.
Chapter Five, “Conclusion,” draws attentions to a general evaluation, simultaneously affirming Ishiguro’s contributions and achievements of linking flawed memory, nostalgia, identity, and dignity in accordance with his earnest and ultimate aspiration for exploring emotional reverberations of humanity beyond themes of race, class, and gender.